Posts Tagged ‘leghorn

01
Jan
10

December Photo Contest

First off, I would like to say this month was a very hard one to judge.  There was some stiff competition, and several people that could have easily placed in other months, but only three can win…

Third place goes to Benito09 for his Wingate stag.

Second place goes to tandersphoenix and his Leghorn cock.

First place goes to Hardfeather74 for his strutting stag.

Congratulations to all the winners. If you want to enter a picture of your bird in our free monthly contest so you can have a chance at winning a ribbon, or just to get a certificate showing you are using your gamefowl for legal reasons, check out the Ultimate Fowl Forum.

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18
Jul
08

POULTRY KEEPING IN INDIA

By: John Kerr

Prior to the war, my grandfather was a missionary in India. During his time there, one of his achievements was the official recognition for improving the local fowl to become a more viable breed for egg, and table purposes. The common Indian fowl, or Moorgi, was not much use for either! Being very similar to the Red Jungle Fowl, it was decided to try to improve the common village fowl.

The first step was to remove all the native cock birds, and to keep only the largest of the hens and pullets. Then, pure bred cock birds were introduced. The next year, all the cross bred cock birds, and all the original hens were disposed of, and the best of the cross bred pullets were kept. The end of the second year, all cross bred cock birds, and all the first cross hens would be removed, leaving the second cross pullets, which would be run with a new batch of pure bred cock birds. The pure bred cock birds would be changed every two years. As several villages might be in one of these breeding schemes, the birds could be swapped between villages to cut down the cost of importing new stock. Within six, or seven years, the village birds would closely resemble pure bred fowl.
The actual cost of the program could be quite small, the main problems being to ensure that all cross bred cock birds were removed. Any missed birds could set the program back years. The breeds used were the Chittagong (Malay), Rhode Island Red, White Leghorn, or Minorca. Descriptions of these breeds taken from an 1948 Indian Poultry book are:
Malay / Chittagong : These birds are called Malay because they are natives of the Malay Peninsula, and Chittagong, because they are largely bred in Chittagong. They are also called Deang Fowls, as the best specimens are bred in a place in Chittagong called Deang. They are large birds, the cocks reaching two foot six inches from beak to toe, and weigh from 8 lbs – 10 lbs. The hens weigh from 6 lbs – 9 lbs. It should have a small pea-comb, like a soft lump covered with small warts. The head and neck should be long, the beak yellow, the wattles very small and red, and in the hen hardly visible, the ear-lobes small and red, sometimes with a little white, the eyes white or light yellow, eyebrows prominent and overhanging the eyes, making the head look very broad, the neck long and the breast broad and deep, the carriage very upright with broad shoulders, the back sloping gradually to the tail being slightly narrow at the loins. The wings carried high and projecting at the shoulders, the tail small and full, (in the cock it should droop) the legs yellow, straight, long and strong, without feathers, and the plumage very close, firm, short and glossy, with the feathers narrow. There is no fixed standard of colour.
The Minorcas: They are also known as the Red Faced Spanish, and are the in shape and appearance to the Black Spanish. It is possible that the races were originally one, and that the faces were red. The shape is like the Leghorn, but the comb is larger, and there is the red face and the white earlobes and the clean legs. There are two colors, the black and the whites, but the latter are rarley seen. As layers they are one of the best small breeds. weights, cocks 7 lbs hens 5 lbs.

The Leghorns: They are a most useful small breed, and a good layer of large white eggs. There are several varieties, such as whites brown, blacks, mottled buff, and others. Of these the best are the white and the brown, as they lay larger eggs. The comb of the Leghorn cock should be a single, large errect and evenly serrated with five or six wedge shaped spikes. The hens comb should be similar but carried but carried drooping to one side of the head. There are also rose combed Leghorns. The face should be red; the lobes pure white, and with all colours the legs yellow. Weights, 6 lbs hens 4 lbs.

The Rhode Island Red: These originated from a cross between the Brahama, or Langshan, the Chittagong, and the common farmyard fowls of Rhode Island. The mixture of breeds still shows itself in the different types found among these fowls. Some are single comb, and some are rose comb. Some are like the Wyandotte, and some like the Rock in type. The prevailing colour is red, but are also buffs, white, and brown. Their chief value is as prolific layers of large, dark shelled eggs. It is one of the best all round breeds combining both table, and egg laying qualities. They’re very hardy, withstand the damp well, and the chicks are easy to rear. The brighter red has given place to one of almost chocolate color, it seems impossible to get a red too dark. They are inclined to smuttiness in the under color. Smutty birds are necessary to breed from, but are of no use in the show pen. The birds are handsome, and keep their appearance better than most breeds. For the novice, they have much to recommend them as both old breeders, and novices stand a chance of breeding a winner, providing the stock birds are from a reliable source, and are properly mated. The reason for this is the breed is still in the making, and there still a tendency to throw backs. The body should be long, broad, and deep, with the breast carried well forward, and the back flat. Legs and feet should a deep yellow, and show some brown horn color. Color of the male is a rich dark red, with the breast as near top color as possible (both to be well glossed); tail black; wing when open, shows black in both primaries and secondaries. Female coloring should be a rich even shade of deep red throughout, about the color of the males breast; wing and tail markings as the male; neck hackles show a black marking at the base. Single, and rose combs are allowed, but singles are more popular. Lobes should be red, and eyes red. Weights, cocks 8 1/2 lbs hens 6 1/2 lbs.

The breeds recomended for use in India were:

*Largest and most weighty- Brahma, Lhangshan, Orpinton, Australorp, Rock, Chittagong, Wyandotte, Game, Cochin, Sussex, and Rhode Island Red.

*Most hardy – Braham, Langshan, Chittagong, AustraloFp, Wyandotte, Rock, Orpington, Leghorn, Sussex, eochia, Game, R.hode Island Red.
*Table fowl – Aseel, Chittagong, Langshan, Wyandotte, Rock, Orpington, Sussex, Rhode Island .Red.
Eggs – Minorcas, Leghorns, Rhode Island Red,

The eggs of the bantams and Hamburg though small are the best in flavour. Game, Aseels” Rocks, Brahmas~ Orpingtons, Rhode Islands, and the Wyandottes lay the darkest shelled eggs, while the Spanish, Polish and Minorcas are the whitest.

For all purpose fowl the Langshan, Orpington, Wyandotte, Chittagong, Rock, Brahma, Rhode Island Red, Australorp, Minorca, Leghom, and Sussex cannot be beaten.

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